By Doug Denison, director of community relations, Delaware Department of State
In the autumn of 1767, the American Colonies were reeling from a fresh round of taxation without representation handed down by Parliament in London. With their pleas for fair treatment and equal standing ignored by the Crown, the leading men of the fledgling Colonial opposition began to turn their thoughts to more direct acts of resistance.
But before the Boston Tea Party, before the First Continental Congress and well before July 4, 1776, the Colonies needed a message to bring them together—a clear text that would lay out their common cause and draw them even closer in unity.
Through the winter of 1768, that unifying message took shape in a series of 12 modest letters published in Colonial newspapers and signed simply “a Farmer.” The man behind the pseudonym would earn the title of “Penman of the Revolution,” a well-educated lawyer with Quaker beliefs raised on a quiet plantation in Kent County, Del.—John Dickinson.
Dickinson and his “Letters From a Farmer in Pennsylvania to the Inhabitants of the British Colonies” (referring to Delaware’s status as a jurisdiction of Pennsylvania at the time) became a sensation across the Colonies, and abroad in Britain and France, for their simple, eloquent summary of the rights held by the American colonists and the many ways those rights had been infringed.
To commemorate the 250th anniversary of the publication of the “Letters” and the role John Dickinson played in setting the stage for the American Revolution, the Delaware Department of State has launched a new online exhibit, “Letters From a Farmer in Pennsylvania,” and a slate of special programming to take place over the coming months.
“Dickinson and his contributions to the Revolution are truly monumental, and Delawareans can take a great deal of pride in knowing that this man who called our state home was such a key figure in our country’s history,” said Secretary of State Jeff Bullock. “I hope that the resources we’ve assembled and the plans we have in store for the next few months create an opportunity for all of us to explore that history, make a connection with it and allow it to enrich our understanding.”
The online exhibit hosts biographical information about Dickinson and context framing the “Letters” in their historical moment. Assembled in cooperation with the Division of Historical and Cultural Affairs, the site will serve as a hub for activities to celebrate the anniversary.
The site’s calendar of events lists programming taking place now through February in cooperation with the division, the University of Delaware Library, the Delaware Public Archives, the Friends of the John Dickinson Mansion and others.
Programs on the schedule include a dramatic production of “The Great Debate: Thomas Jefferson and John Dickinson” about the political and philosophical differences between the two statesmen; a presentation by retired Delaware Supreme Court justice and eminent historian Randy J. Holland on the writings of Dickinson and their significance; and a panel discussion featuring Gov. John Carney about the legacy of the “Letters” and their impact on American politics through the present.
“Dickinson is a fascinating figure, and no less influential in the creation of our republic than any of his fellow Founding Fathers,” said Gloria Henry, supervisor of the John Dickinson Plantation museum and historic site outside Dover. “Our goal is to bring his story to life and show that the words he penned 250 years ago are still full of meaning today.”
Events at the John Dickinson Plantation will explore how life was lived on a large farm in 18th-century Delaware, including a presentation on the history of the African-American inhabitants of the plantation, both free and enslaved, and Dickinson’s complicated relationship with the institution of slavery.
The season of programming will conclude in February with a traditional wreath-laying ceremony at Dickinson’s gravesite at the Wilmington Friends Meetinghouse, sponsored by the Quaker Hill Historic Preservation Foundation and the Friends of the John Dickinson Mansion.